Hello colleagues, At a recent workshop on teaching emergent readers, I shared the following story about Josefina, who had been one of the learners in my class a few years ago. Josefina was a woman from Puerto Rico who retired after working 25 years in a chicken processing plant. While Josefina had strong listening and speaking skills in English, she never had the opportunity to attend school as a child in Puerto Rico. In this class, we were all writing about our everyday heroes. Josefina came to my afternoon class after her work as a cook for a children's summer camp.